Yes it can be exceeded but under fairly specific and therefore rare conditions.
The power of the Solar panels is given under STC conditions (Standard Test Conditions ): 1000W/m², 25°C which corresponds to well-controlled laboratory conditions.
In reality, this power is rarely reached because of the inclination of the panels and also the increase in temperature of the photovoltaic module.
In very specific conditions it is still possible to exceed the STC power: in particular in an area with strong sunlight and low temperature (in the mountains for example). In all cases, it will be necessary to ensure that the panels are clean and perfectly perpendicular to the rays of the sun, it therefore remains a situation rare under normal use of the panels.